A Guide to Ghost Hunting Equipment and Techniques

July 14, 2023 (Last updated on: November 30, 2023)
A night vision camcorder is filming a haunted house.

Ghost hunting has been a fascinating pursuit for many, fueled by curiosity, fear, and the thrill of exploring the unknown. This guide seeks to equip both seasoned ghost hunters and novices with the knowledge and tools to embark on their ghostly encounters.

The History of Ghost Hunting

As we know it today, ghost hunting is a relatively modern endeavor. However, the roots of this practice stretch back centuries, deeply intertwined with humanity’s enduring fascination with death and the afterlife.

Spiritualism and the Birth of Ghost Hunting

The genesis of ghost hunting can be traced back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries when the spiritualist movement was at its peak. Spiritualism, the belief that spirits of the dead can communicate with the living, ignited interest in the supernatural. Seances and mediumship became popular methods of attempting to contact the departed. This period saw the emergence of some of the first self-proclaimed ghost hunters, who sought to prove the existence of life after death.

The Evolution of Paranormal Investigations

As time went on, the approach towards ghost hunting began to change. The early 20th century saw the rise of notable figures, such as the paranormal investigator Harry Price, often considered one of the first scientific paranormal investigators. Price, known for investigating the infamous Borley Rectory in England, introduced a more systematic, evidence-based approach to ghost hunting. He utilized various tools and devices to document and measure paranormal phenomena, paving the way for future investigators.

The Influence of Popular Culture

The mid to late 20th century brought ghost hunting into mainstream consciousness, mainly due to its portrayal in popular culture. Books, movies, and eventually television shows centered around the supernatural sparked public curiosity about ghost hunting. Shows like “Ghost Hunters” and “Ghost Adventures” popularized ghost hunting and demonstrated a range of equipment and techniques used in modern paranormal investigations.

Ghost Hunting in the Digital Age

With the dawn of the 21st century and rapid technological advancements, ghost hunting has evolved significantly. Modern-day ghost hunters have many high-tech tools, from infrared cameras to electromagnetic field detectors. The internet and social media have also played a crucial role, providing platforms for sharing experiences and evidence and conducting virtual investigations.

Today, ghost hunting distinguishes between science and spectacle, skepticism and belief. Its history reflects our ongoing quest to understand the great beyond, a journey that continues to captivate and terrify us in equal measure.

Understanding the Paranormal

The realm of the paranormal is vast and complex, encompassing an array of phenomena that defy conventional scientific explanations. This includes everything from UFO sightings to cryptid encounters, but for our purposes, we’ll focus on what many consider the heart of the paranormal: ghosts and spirits.

Ghosts, Spirits, and the Afterlife

The belief in ghosts and spirits stems from age-old questions about life, death, and what (if anything) lies beyond. Ghosts are generally thought to be the souls or spirits of deceased individuals who have remained tethered to the mortal world for one reason or another. They’re often associated with specific locations (commonly called “haunted”). They are believed to be capable of interacting with their environment in various ways – from creating cold spots and causing objects to move to appearing as visible apparitions or communicating through electronic devices.

The Science of the Paranormal

Despite countless anecdotal accounts and purported evidence, the existence of ghosts remains unproven in the eyes of mainstream science. Many scientists argue that natural phenomena or psychological factors can explain paranormal experiences. For example, infrasound (sound below the range of human hearing) can cause unease or fear and has been suggested as a possible explanation for some ghostly encounters.

However, this hasn’t deterred many individuals and organizations from pursuing the study of paranormal phenomena. Using various tools and methodologies, these paranormal investigators seek to gather empirical evidence of the supernatural, often sharing their findings with the public through books, documentaries, and online platforms.

Differing Beliefs and Interpretations

Paranormal beliefs vary widely worldwide, shaped by cultural, religious, and personal factors. Some people view ghosts as lost or troubled souls needing help, while others see them as evil entities to be feared. In some cultures, the spirits of the deceased are an integral part of daily life and are honored through rituals and ceremonies.

Understanding the paranormal isn’t just about seeking proof of ghosts or deciphering unexplained phenomena. It’s also about exploring the more profound questions of human existence and grappling with the mysteries of the unseen world. Whether one is a staunch skeptic or a firm believer, the search for answers continues to drive the fascination with the paranormal.

Who are Paranormal Investigators?

Paranormal investigators, or ghost hunters, use various methods and equipment to detect and document evidence of paranormal activity. They often work in haunted locations, capturing videos and images, recording sounds, and monitoring temperature changes and electromagnetic fields.

The Essential Ghost Hunting Kit

Aspiring ghost hunters must equip themselves with tools to detect and document potential paranormal activity via changes in the surrounding electromagnetic fields and range of visible light. Here’s a breakdown of the essential gear you’ll need.

Basic Ghost Hunting Equipment

Digital Thermometer: Temperature fluctuations are often reported during paranormal encounters, particularly the presence of unexplained ‘cold spots.’ A digital thermometer, preferably one with a laser pointer for precise measurements, is a must-have for detecting these changes in ambient temperature.

EMF Meter: Electromagnetic Field (EMF) meters, otherwise known as a ghost meter, are used to measure the level of electromagnetic radiation in a location. Some theories suggest that ghosts can manipulate these fields, causing spikes that an EMF meter can detect. The K-II EMF Meter is popular among ghost hunters due to its simplicity and reliability.

Flashlight: A sturdy, reliable flashlight is essential for navigating dark locations safely. Some ghost hunters also use flashlights as a rudimentary tool for communication, asking spirits to turn them on or off.

Digital Camera: A good quality digital camera can capture visual and video evidence. Full-spectrum cameras, which photograph light not visible to the naked eye, are also becoming increasingly popular.

Digital Voice Recorder: Used to record sound and Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP), sounds or voices that weren’t heard then but appear on playback. The Olympus VN-7200 Digital Voice Recorder is a commonly used model due to its noise-cancellation feature and long battery life.

Advanced Ghost Hunting Equipment

For those ready to delve deeper into ghost hunting, several more advanced pieces of equipment can be added to your ghost-hunting kit.

Ghost Box: Also known as a spirit box or Frank’s box, this device rapidly scans radio frequencies, creating white noise. Some believe this noise gives spirits the energy or ‘raw audio’ they need to hear to form words and communicate.

Infrared Thermometer Gun: This tool lets you measure surface temperatures from a distance, useful for quickly scanning a room for cold spots. You can also get a thermal camera add-on kit for your smartphone.

Motion Sensors: Motion and energy disturbance sensors can alert investigators to movement in unoccupied areas, potentially indicating spiritual activity.

Night Vision Cameras: These cameras allow investigators to film in total darkness, capturing potential phenomena without disruptive lights.

TriField Natural EM Meter: A more sophisticated version of the basic EMF meter, this device measures both man-made and natural electromagnetic fields, helping to rule out false positives.

Investing in quality ghost-hunting equipment can significantly enhance your investigations. However, remember that no piece of equipment can definitively prove the existence of ghosts – they’re simply tools to aid in your exploration of the unknown.

The Role of Technology in Ghost Hunting

Technology has revolutionized ghost hunting, making it easier for investigators to gather and analyze evidence. From high-quality cameras that can capture orbs in low light conditions to apps that turn your phone into a makeshift EMF meter, there’s no shortage of gadgets to aid in the search for the supernatural.

Ghost Hunters Vs. Skeptics: The Ongoing Debate

The field of ghost hunting is not without its critics. Skeptics argue that natural phenomena or human interference can easily explain so-called evidence of paranormal activity. However, ghost hunters maintain that while not all evidence is conclusive, the sheer volume of unexplained occurrences indicates the possibility of something beyond our current understanding.

Preparing for a Ghost Hunt: What You Need to Know

Embarking on a ghost hunt involves more than just gathering equipment and heading to a spooky location. It requires careful preparation, thorough research, and the right mindset.

Research Your Location

Before setting foot on a haunted site, it’s essential to understand its history and previous paranormal encounters. This might involve reading books, scouring the internet, or even speaking with locals who may have personal stories to share. This background knowledge can provide context to any potential activity and help you identify common patterns or hotspots.

Gather Your Equipment

Once you’ve chosen your location, you must gather your equipment. This includes basic items like a digital thermometer and EMF meter but could also involve more advanced gear depending on your experience level. Ensure all your devices are in good working order, with fresh batteries where needed.

Approach with An Open Mind

While it’s exciting to anticipate potential ghostly encounters, it’s crucial to approach each investigation with an open mind and healthy skepticism. Not every anomaly or odd occurrence is a sign of the supernatural. Discing between explainable events and truly inexplicable phenomena is key to credible ghost hunting.

Ghost Hunting Techniques: How to Begin

Starting a ghost hunt is as much about attitude and approach as it is about equipment.

Patience and Observation

Ghost hunting often involves long periods of waiting in silence and darkness. Patience is key. Use this time to observe your surroundings, noting any changes in temperature, unusual sounds, or shifts in electromagnetic readings.

Respect Your Surroundings

Always remember to respect the location and any spirits that may be present. You’re a visitor in their space. This means leaving everything as you found it and behaving in a considerate and mindful way.

Ghost Hunting Techniques: Using Your Equipment

Using your equipment effectively is a critical part of successful ghost hunting.

Interpreting EMF Readings

Understanding how to interpret the readings on your EMF meter is crucial. Familiarize yourself with what normal levels look like so you can recognize when there are significant fluctuations. Remember – not all EMF spikes indicate paranormal activity. Everyday items like appliances and power outlets can also cause them.

Using Your Digital Thermometer

Use your digital thermometer to monitor for sudden temperature drops, commonly associated, more people say, with ghostly presences. Again, it’s important to rule out natural causes such as drafts or open windows.

Capturing Evidence

Know how to capture clear, steady footage using a standard or full-spectrum camera. Practice using your equipment before the investigation to avoid fumbling in the dark or missing potential evidence.

Remember, while your equipment can provide valuable data, the investigator’s intuition, respect, and interpretive skills make a great ghost hunter.

Ghost Hunting Techniques: Interpreting the Evidence

Interpreting the evidence collected during a ghost hunt can be challenging. It’s important to remain objective and consider all possible explanations. For example, electronic voice phenomena (EVPs) can sometimes be radio interference or background noise. Orbs captured on camera could be dust particles or insects caught in the flash.

Ethical Considerations for Ghost Hunters

Ethics are an important consideration in ghost hunting. This includes respecting private property, not causing damage to locations, and treating any spirits encountered with respect. It’s also crucial to consider the feelings of those living with suspected paranormal activity – for them; it’s not just an exciting adventure but their daily reality.

Popular Locations for Ghost Hunts

Thousands of locations worldwide are reputed to be haunted, from ancient castles to modern-day hotels. Some of the most popular include the Tower of London, the Stanley Hotel in Colorado, and the Eastern State Penitentiary in Pennsylvania. Each offers its unique history and ghostly inhabitants to discover.

Famous Ghost Hunters and Their Stories

Throughout history, numerous individuals have made significant contributions to ghost hunting. Some investigators have become so well-known that their names are synonymous with paranormal investigation.

Ed and Lorraine Warren

Ed and Lorraine Warren are arguably the most famous ghost hunters in history. The married couple from Connecticut, USA, investigated over 10,000 cases during their career, spanned several decades.

Ed, a self-taught demonologist, and Lorraine, a clairvoyant, and medium, worked together to investigate claims of paranormal activity. Their case files have inspired numerous films, including “The Conjuring” and “The Amityville Horror.”

One of their most famous cases involved the Perron family, who reported disturbing events in their Rhode Island farmhouse. The Warrens attributed the phenomena to the malevolent spirit of a witch named Bathsheba. This case later became the basis for “The Conjuring.”

Harry Price

Harry Price, a British psychic researcher from the early 20th century, is often considered one of the first modern ghost hunters. He gained fame for investigating the Borley Rectory, known as ‘the most haunted house in England.’

Price’s systematic approach was revolutionary, involving cameras, fingerprinting kits, and observation. His work at Borley Rectory, including alleged sightings of phantom nuns and reports of ghostly writing appearing on walls, has remained a topic of debate among skeptics and believers alike.

Amy Bruni and Adam Berry

Amy Bruni and Adam Berry are contemporary figures in ghost hunting, known for their appearances on the television show “Ghost Hunters.” They later started their performance, “Kindred Spirits,” where they investigate reportedly haunted homes and help families cope with paranormal activity.

Their empathetic approach to ghost hunting and photography, which often involves delving into local history and personal stories, has won them many fans. They aim to document evidence of ghosts and understand who these spirits were and why they might still be lingering.

Zak Bagans

Zak Bagans hosts the popular television series “Ghost Adventures.” Known for his bold, often confrontational style, Bagans and his team investigate locations worldwide reported to be haunted.

He has also founded The Haunted Museum in Las Vegas, where he displays a collection of haunted and cursed objects, including the infamous Dybbuk Box, believed to be the world’s most haunted object.

These famous ghost hunters, each with their unique approach to the paranormal, have greatly influenced the field. Their stories continue to captivate audiences, fueling ongoing interest in life’s greatest mystery – what happens after we die.

Joining the Ghost Hunting Community

Joining the ghost-hunting community can be a rewarding experience, offering the chance to share stories, learn from others, and even participate in organized ghost hunts. Numerous online forums, social media groups, and local clubs are dedicated to ghost hunting and paranormal investigation.

Ghost Hunting: A Hobby or a Career?

For most, ghost hunting is a hobby – an exciting way to explore the unknown and perhaps get a glimpse of the afterlife. However, some turn their passion into a career, offering professional paranormal investigation services, writing books, or producing TV shows and documentaries.

Conclusion: The Thrill of the Ghost Hunt

Whether you’re a skeptic or a believer, there’s no denying the thrill of a ghost hunt. It’s a chance to step into the unknown, to challenge our understanding of the world, and who knows – maybe even come face-to-face with a ghost.


  1. “Ghost Hunting: True Stories of Unexplained Phenomena from The Atlantic Paranormal Society” by Jason Hawes.
  2. “Ghost Hunting for Beginners: Everything You Need to Know to Get Started” by Rich Newman.
  3. “Guide to the Ghosts of Lincoln” by Alan Boye.